Dissertation viva voce questions - what is a thesis statement in a rhetorical analysis









dissertation viva voce questions

dissertation viva voce questionsDissertation viva voce questions -Purchasing authorities have been urged to pay heed more heed to locally expressed views of the quality of the service sincethe early 1990s [NHSME,1992].• A Graduate from any stream, from any recognized University in India or abroad with not less than 55 percent marks (55%), is eligible to apply for admission to the Masters' of Social Work (MSW) degree course.Development phase - here, your research and ideas may be developing quite rapidly.All I could muster in a pathetic response was a look of bewilderment.Understanding the difference between methods and methodology is of paramount importance.It is possible that more work needs to be undertaken which marries together a more ethnographic or patient-centred approaches in which patients speak for themselves with a degree of quantitative analysis which indicates the typicality of the responses. An examination of the content of the ten service quality items allows a construction of five dimensions in SERVQUAL, of which three are original list items (tangibles, reliability, responsiveness) and two are combined dimensions: (assurance including communication, credibility, security, competence and courtesy; empathy including understanding/ knowing customers and access).It is not difficult to find good examples of literature reviews.consultants letter, Police Crime Report Number, copies of death certificates etc.) NBthe prominence given to the patient satisfaction survey can be traced back to the Griffiths report [DHSS,1983] which encouraged the use of market research to obtain consumers views.My Ph D supervisor asked me what the difference between methods and methodology was several months ago and I did not know the answer.Throughout your project, you will be used to using the library (and other libraries) extensively - final year students writing their Final Year Project are likely to use the resources of the Library to the full.(However, be careful to ensure that your proof-reader is at least as competent as you are - otherwise, they may suggest incorrect changes that may make a document worse rather than better).However, be warned that there is no quality control on the net i.e. Academic books and articles will have been through a process known as peer review in which other academics will have commented on the quality of the published material before it sees the light of day but similar quality control mechanisms do not apply on the web (unless, of course, you are accessing the Although this chapter will be heavily referenced, this should not imply that were will not also be references that you will make to other sources of literature throughout the remainder of your project.External Assessment : Schedule of Examination: • At the end of every semester there will be a semester end exam. Nursing student - Second, Third, Fourth Year are declared.The tutor may well suggest particular lines of enquiry that you should consider very carefully - but in the last analysis, what is offered is advice and not instructions as to how to undertake your project.Do not expect your progress to be unilinear - the initial stages may take a certain amount of time and you may not feel that you are making much progress on the project until you reach the stage at which your ideas have been clarified and your literature sources are accessible.So if for example, like me, you want to understand the motivations and perceptions of a group of bloggers then you would most likely choose a qualitative, method as opposed to a quantitative one.For many, this can be the most frustrating part of the exercise - the solution is to keep reading and to some extent browsing and this process of browsing-reading-reflection will your initial ideas to For example, you could have started off wanting to cover a very broad topic such as Motivation at Work but after refinement your ideas may well have become Job Satisfaction in White Collar Occupations or even Job Satisfaction in the Financial Services industry.Two of the determinants, competence and security, consumers cannot evaluate even after service delivery and consumption.You will have learnt to project manage a substantial piece of work and learn the techniques associated with writing and assembling a large document and these skills will assist you when it comes to similar ventures in the future.dissertation viva voce questionsThe Project is an independent piece of work which allows the student the opportunity to apply theoretical perspectives to business problems or to undertake work in real depth on a business studies problem in which they are interested.The management of the University of the Punjab has issued the notification of the date sheet under their notification number 180 in which the date sheet for the written examination for MA and MSC is being stated which will be going to start in June and July this year.The criteria fall into ten key categories which are labelled service quality determinants as follows: Only two of the ten determinants, tangibles and credibility, can be known in advance of delivery, the other determinants often only being evidenced once a service transaction has taken place.Candidates must have studied under the 10 2 3 pattern. Proportion of Internal and External Assessment (Theory papers) is 50: 50.Most academic research papers will start off with a literature review section and textbooks almost by definition will give you an overview of the concerns of the field.You should appreciate that one-to-one tutorial support is both expensive and time-consuming - on the other hand, you are entitled to receive the appropriate amount of tuition, given that you are now in the third year of a degree programme.But as Clough and Nutbrown explain their book, decisions such as whether to interview, how many participants to interview and so on, “are often based on values and assumptions which influence the study, and as such therefore need to be fully interrogated in order to clarify the research decisions which are made.” Having a clear idea on the methods and methodology for a Ph D thesis can make the job of reviewing literature much more straightforward as you can more precisely target studies in your chosen topic area and critique the whole approach to similar studies, including the methods used.The different venues which are being made for the different disciplines are being mentioned very clearly on the date sheet.This also lends support to the observations that rating scales such as SERVQUAL may be fatally flawed.Method is simply a research tool, a component of research – say for example, a qualitative method such as interviews.There are indications, however, that much more attention is now being paid to questionnaires in terms of both their construct validity [Baker and Whitfield, 1992] and their reliability/validity [Bamford and Jacoby, 1992; Eccles, Jaccoby and Bamford, 1992].Methodology is the justification for using a particular research method.The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data.Your tutor(s) should be able to point you in the right direction at this point - but the data analysis, interpretation and linkages with the rest of the project should not be seen as an afterthought that has just been tagged onto the project as a whole.Remember that your questionnaire will often be in the form of a PILOT for what you would do if you had the time and resources for a more detailed enquiry (most appropriate to a post-graduate enquiry) Your appendices should contain any additional evidence that helps a reader to validate the work you have done but should not necessarily contain all of your data (e.g.The choice of test, therefore, is not so much a technical Whatever point on the scale is adopted, then we can assume that we can make statements which assign a degree of ordering but we cannot get involved in the mathematical operations of subtraction of one measure from another.Although well-developed and extensively used in USA, studies are only just commencing utilising the methodology within the UK and Finland.The last two dimensions contain items representing seven original dimensions (communication, credibility, security, competence, courtesy, understanding/knowing customers, and access) that did not remain distinct after the two stages of scale purification.The Final Year Project (FYP) consists of an individual piece of work of 9,000-11,000 words in length, on a subject of the students own choosing providing that it is within the area of Business Studies, broadly defined.The students should make one thing sure that this Punjab University MA/MSC Part 1, 2 Date Sheet 2017 is only for the written examination and the dates for the viva voce of the Dissertation OR Thesis will be communicated to the respective candidate directly by either the Chairman or the Head of the respective concerned Department. dissertation viva voce questions There is, therefore, an assumption that there is a deeper reality which it is the aim of the analyst to discover - classical because traces of this approach can be found in the writings of Aristotle and of Euclid.In the case of hospitalisation, death of a near relative or other good cause, then make application in advance to the Head of School supplying complete documentation (e.g.points out: An instrument intended to further the achievement of organisational objectives - statistical records- constrained interviewers to think of maximising the indices as their major goal, sometimes at the expense of these very objectives. Studies of laboratory life (Latour and Woolgar,1979) and of the workings of the drug industry (Abraham,1995) indicated that even normal scientific work is suffused with values which may reflect social and political agendas, such as a desire for market dominance or scientific recognition.Moreover, it is possible to ascertain those elements of services in which the gap between expectations and perceptions is widest.The method is predicated upon the gap to be discerned between clients expectations of a service and their perceptions of a service as actually experienced.This is a particularly important part of the project as you are demonstrating to the readers of your project that you are familiar with the major themes, issues and debates to be found in the literature which informs your project.Parasuraman, Zeithaml and Berry (1988) has shown that regardless of the type of service, consumers use basically similar criteria in evaluating service quality.Your Project indicates your abilities to select, research and then present a substantial piece of work that displays your intellectual abilities to the full.Each client may allocate points out of 100 to each of the five dimensions so that the instrument is sensitive to an individuals perceptions of the relative importance of each dimension. It can help a wide range of service and retailing organisations in assessing consumer expectations about and perceptions of service quality.In the questionnaires the dimensions are divided into a 22-item, 7-point scale.many patient surveys appear to be exhibit a halo effect in which satisfaction rates seem to be uniformly high at over 80%, perhaps reflecting a reluctance to criticise nurses [Carr-Hill, 1992; Fitzpatrick, 1991a, 1991b;and Whittington, 1991; Ellis and Whittington, 1994; College of Health, 1994].However, you do need to exercise a degree of care when using the Internet as there is no quality control mechanism for material published on the Internet as there is for more conventional academic journals and the information you access may be inaccurate or not particularly relevant (if it applies to an American rather than a British audience, for example).It has also been recognised for about the same length of time that in judging the quality of hospital services, the judgements of patients alongside their clinicians is an intrinsic part of the quality measurement process [Batalden and Nelson, 1990].According to the date sheet the examination will start from the June, 2017, which is on Thursday, as on this very day there will be 16 different examinations on different venues regarding various disciplines, and for the introductory purpose let me inform you that on the very first day of this examination which subject’s exams will be taking place.If you can, get a friend to proof-read a document for you.Punjab University PU has recently declared the date sheet for the examination of MA and MSC Part 1 and Part 2 date sheet 2017 annual examination which will be going to be held in the upcoming month of June and July.Whatever subject is chosen, the Project should reflect the fact that you have acquired a particular knowledge base and academic skills and should be a showcase of the ways in which you can demonstrate such skills.Your completed document will have to conform to certain technical specifications, detailed below, and will contain sections that you may not have had to cope with in shorter length documents such as formal title pages, acknowledgements, indexes, appendices and the like.• There will be a separate passing in External and Internal examination with criteria of minimum 50 % in each subject. The SERVQUAL methodology goes some way towards meeting the objection, noted before, that the issues raised in any instrument inevitably reflect the interests of the producers rather than the ultimate consumers of services, including health. dissertation viva voce questions Unlike the quality of goods, which can be measured objectively by such indicators as durability and number of defects, service quality is an abstract and elusive construct because of three features unique to services: intangibility, heterogeneity and inseparability of production and consumption. The approach starts with the hypothesis that service quality is critically determined by the difference between consumers expectations and perceptions of services.Researching and writing a project can have its frustrations, principally because you may have difficulties locating some of the source materials or what seemed to be a promising line of enquiry turns out to be a dead-end.As on the very first day as per the date sheet the exams of Applied Psychology, Arabic, Chemistry, Diplomacy and Strategic Studies, English, Economics, Fine Arts, Geography, International Relations, Mass Communications, Mathematics, Persian, Physical Education, Political Science and Punjabi will take place and the other examinations of other respective disciplines will be conducted as per the Punjab University MA/MSC Part 1, 2 Date Sheet 2017.and in such a trajectory (particularly in the case of in-patient treatment within hospitals) an individual, and the data relating to the individual, is processed by many personnel working in diverse occupational domains (manual occupations such as portering, clerical and administrative staff, It has observed several times before that expectations might not be fully formed at the point of first contact with clinical staff and may be free-floating or even epi-phenomenal in that expectations start to arise out of the dynamics of the interactions with clinical staff [Locker and Dunt, 1978; Avis, Bond and Arthur, 1995; Linder-Pelz, 1982].PU MA/MSC Part 1, 2 Date Sheet: The examination which will be starting from the June will finish on the July as the last examination of MA and MSC conducted by the Punjab University will be held on the July, 2017, so the examination will last for 20 days.Many students take the opportunity to undertake some empirical work in their Project by undertaking a small-scale survey and in this case it is particularly important to receive the advice of tutors to ensure that what you intend to undertake is feasible and methodologically sound.In the example shown above, for example, you would not be considered for an Upper Second Class classification (2:1) if your project was not graded as a 2:1 or higher.Under the rules that apply to the classification of all degrees within KAC, then if your final average is very close to the boundary for a classification higher than that suggested by the raw average (e.g.Application of SERVQUAL can be used to make comparisons globally over time.The timing which the administration of Punjab University has declared for the examination of MA and MSC is the morning shift, according to which the exam will start at AM and will end at NOON.In any case, the skills that you will have deployed are particularly useful should you wish to undertake work for a higher degree at Masters or at Ph D level.It can also help in pinpointing areas requiring managerial attention and action to improve service quality.Thankfully, I was referred to a book by Peter Clough and Cathy Nutbrown called My problem, as I have since discovered is that I was too busy thinking about my literature review and undertaking all my reading under the misguided notion that methodology was something to be looked at later on. Having read Clough and Nutbrown I now acknowledge that methods and methodology should be right up there in terms of priority as a starting point for any Ph D research project.An alternative approach might be to follow that offered by Kind et. [1993] in which probabilities in a questionnaire are derived from cumulative frequency distributions and then converted into the corresponding z-scores based on a normal distribution.While customers may possess some information based on their experience or on other customers evaluations, they are likely to re-evaluate these determinants each time a service is given because of the heterogeneity of services.Generally the Date sheet is being announced a month ago and that is why it is being announced in the later part of the May.The essential simplicity of the approach, combined with the fact that it specifically relativises the context of satisfaction by addressing the issue of prior expectations, may be an explanation for its extensive use as a quality metric for service type industries.The alternative is allow the sample enough time and/or resources to construct their own magnitude scale - this is often impracticable, however, when the target population might be patients who tend to be elderly and are only willing to be surveyed in the context of a hospital word or an outpatient department. (1994) 'Patient Satisfaction Studies: Methodology, Management and Consumer Evaluation', International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 7(7): 22-30.The paper concludes by indicating that it is quite possible to collect and to analyse data which is consumer rather than producer-led and to deploy some of the tools of quantitative analysis associated with more conventional approaches in this area. A well-written project is a useful document to display to a potential employer when you enter the labour market. dissertation viva voce questions Development phase - here, your research and ideas may be developing quite rapidly. dissertation viva voce questions

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