Essay on bowlby attachment theory - what is a thesis statement in a rhetorical analysis









essay on bowlby attachment theory

essay on bowlby attachment theoryEssay on bowlby attachment theory -Avoidant infants focus their attention mainly on toys that are found around the research room, not directly on the mother.(So - the writer should ask themselves: What research is there to support/refute the theory? Do the theories have useful implications and applications e.g.This correlates with Ainsworth's (1967) finding that infants in Uganda use their mothers as a secure base to explore, occasionally leaving her sights, but periodically returning to ensure themselves that she is still there.Ainsworth, Bowlby and Shaver all realized and supported the notion that as we grow older, we form new attachments with multiple important figures throughout our lives (Bowlby, 1969).This belief is supported by other evidence found that the critical period is vital to a child's development.The time when the baby is most often awake is during the day, and the nursery nurses are the ones who care for them during that time, whereas early in the morning or late in the evening contact is not how parents will form the vital attachment with their child. Middle Furthermore, if a child grows up without a maternal influence due to death of the mother, or her leaving etc, does this mean that they will not be able to develop normally? A lot of Bowlby's work is supported by other psychologists and researchers, which make his claims more valid, in the sense that other people have had similar findings, so there is more likely to be some truth in what he claimed.Childhood attachment styles, which will be discussed later, are clearly based on the emotional bond between the parent and child, opposed to a biological push to become attached.Also, the analysis given could be further expanded upon for example where the writer says “A lot of Bowlby’s work is supported by other psychologists and researchers, which make his claims more valid”, specific examples of evidence would show better knowledge and support this argument. ) as this shows that the student fully understands why and how the researcher concluded what they did.This behavior occurs both before and after the parent returns to the room (Ainsworth et al., 1978).When this availability is broken, much like an enhanced Strange Situation Procedure for adults, the security of one spouse or the other is threatened.Bowlby also conducted research on attachment, recognizing the undeniable bond between infants and their primary care givers.Read full review Response to question : Overall, they gave a good response – lots of background detail describing Bowlby’s theory was provided and some evaluation given (however I think the weighting of these two parts of the question could have been balanced better - I would have focussed mostly on evaluation with *some* description to introduce the reader to what exactly the theory is/who Bowlby is).More current research has questioned the significance of how the disruption of the attachment structure (such as in divorce) can affect children's behaviors throughout life.Secure infants are genuinely social and explorative within the environment.Hazan and Shaver (1987) continued this line of research and adapted the original attachment styles to patterns of attachment behavior in adult romantic relationships.The effects of divorce on the adults who are engulfed in the situation tend to be as stressful as those found in the children.Bowlby states that over time, the attachment that infants have for their parents is subtly weakened.For infants, it is only natural to form attachments with the people who care for them most, in regards to their physiological and emotional needs.This trend continues until three to four years of age, where the attachment weakens slightly.Also, I don't believe that the mother is mainly the primary attachment figure.essay on bowlby attachment theoryIn my opinion, parents should be held responsible to an extent, as they do have a large influence over the early years of a child's development; but, there are other factors to consider.These styles are based on Ainsworth's studies of temporary loss of the main attachment figure within a controlled lab setting.Attachment can be defined as the strong bond that develops first between parent and child, and later in peer and romantic relationships (Bowlby, 1969).The children here appear to be independent and confidant, but there is intentional avoidance of the mother figure occurring.There are some parts I do and other parts of Bowlby's theory I don't agree with. Response to question : Overall, they gave a good response – lots of background detail describing Bowlby’s theory was provided and some evaluation given (however I think the weighting of these two parts of the question could have been balanced ...Also, the writer uses lots of contractions – it would be more conventional to write “do not” rather than “don’t”.Bowlby's, Ainsworth's, and Shaver's research created the understanding that infant styles create a disposition for later behavioral traits.This research was called the Strange Situation Procedure.Secure infants show signs of anger and sadness when the mother is removed, but eventually adjust to the absence.Harlow concluded from his research that the primates are better off in their lives when given more creature comforts, attention and grooming when compared to those who were deprived of these elements (Harlow, 1958).Harlow (1958) also states that the infant monkeys form a close bond, or attachment to their surrogate cloth mothers.These surrogate mothers are often used as a secure base when opportunities to venture and explore were presented.The Ambivalent infant is shows aggression toward the mother, but longs to be close to her at the same time.Born in 1907, he was notable for his interest in child psychology and development, and presented two key theories: the maternal deprivation hypothesis, and, perhaps the more significant, attachment theory.Once the mother is removed, these infants become detached and avoid the substitute caretaker.With either explanation, research concludes that children of divorced families have a disposition to these behaviors, but the end development of behavior and personality is in the hands of the individual and the external factors that are present.These infants are generally excited upon the return of the mother (Ainsworth et al., 1978).The degree to which it is weakened depends on the temperament of the child, which in turn determines how readily new attachment bonds are sought out and formed (Bowlby, 1969).If a child grows up with insecure attachment patterns, they will "develop the inability to form secure attachments and react in a hostile, rejecting manner with their environment" (Pickover, 2002), meaning that often such children will allow themselves to get close to an 'attachment figure', and then pull themselves away before they can be rejected, striving to not allow themselves get hurt.He believed that the attachment process should not be disrupted, or there would be serious consequences. essay on bowlby attachment theory On Monday 20 November, between - GMT, we’ll be making some site updates.New attachments can be friends, co-workers or romantic interests (Bowlby, 1969).Lastly, the Anxious or Ambivalent pattern of behavior in infants shows signs of anxiety and hostility towards the parent.The weighting of marks is 4 for description and 8 for evaluation, and so the number of points for each should roughly reflect this.It is often reported that children of divorce have trouble adapting to different stages of their lives because of their experience with broken or detached attachment bonds.The research on this topic is contradictory and somewhat inconclusive, with research asserting that either attachment style or external environment has been the main contributor to the behaviors seen in members of divorced families, while many sources stated that it is likely to be a combination of both influences.To improve this, they should refer back to each evaluative point throughout the essay (this brings the whole thing together and reminds the reader how much evidence argues for and against), then come to a final decision on the success of the theory. For example, for parents who drop their child off at a nursery at eight am, and collect them at six pm, they began to consider whether allowing the child to be around someone else all day could mean that they form attachments with that person, as opposed to the actual parents. If a child finds out they are adopted when they are older, even though they will have formed an attachment with their adoptive parents, they will often still feel a bond between themselves and their birth parents, posing the question is attachment just about nurture, or is nature involved too?) Level of analysis : Some evaluation is given however more is necessary to receive top marks (this shows that you not only understand the theory but that you know it's weaknesses and can hence decide accordingly how correct and useful the ideas are).Quality of writing : The accuracy of spelling, grammar and punctuation are all good.Indeed it seems reasonable to surmise that the bond we observe to persist in unhappy marriages is an adult development of childhood attachment" (p. Although the distress caused by divorce is great for both partners, it is easier to see how adults cope with the broken attachment because of their life experiences, maturity, and alternate sources of support.When returning, the infant continues to avoid the parent (Ainsworth et al., 1978).Taking this into account, these researchers looked to peer relations, socioeconomic status, general distress, or poor parenting skills to explain the appearance of troublesome behavior or poor grades.To add, the writer should explain why this makes it more valid, what validity is, and why we want to achieve good validity. Pickover, 2002), it is useful to describe briefly what the research involved (was it an experiment? On a more positive note, the writer gives arguments both for and against the theory and comes to a conclusion which follows suit.They are friendly to the mother and caretaker, although can be wary of strangers.Also, when a threatening stimulus was presented in this lab experiment, the monkeys retreated to the cloth mothers for safety.The results showcase the distinct attachment characteristics for each style.These infant monkeys fared better in many aspects of their lives compared to others, who were provided with only a wire mother.These infants used their emotional bond to ensure that they would not be harmed when encountering new objects.Young primates were more likely to be better adjusted physically, psychologically and socially compared to the monkeys raised by the wire mother. essay on bowlby attachment theory What are the advantages/limitations of these studies? in this case implications for amount of daycare used for young children?The Avoidant infants grew up to have a few short relationships, if any at all.A study on adopted children shows that positively formed attachments heighten the chance for a well-adjusted life, regardless of the biological relation of the attachment figure (Juffer, Stams & van IJzendoorn, 2002).The study of all aspects of divorce and attachment is important to how parents, psychologists and teachers approach and understand children of divorced families in order to help them reach their full potential as adults.Research on divorce and separation of attachment figures has yielded conflicting results.These children are said to have no accurate template for successful relationships to replicate in their lives.As people mature, the old attachments are only severed after great strain, and new attachments are made along the way.The description of John Bowlby and his theories is very detailed and therefore answers the ‘describe’ portion of the question appropriately (the writer covers: who Bowlby was, his main theories/ideas, and how these theories have been applied/influential).Weiss (1976) explains by stating, "This persisting bond to the spouse resembles the attachment bond of children to parents described by Bowlby."Even in a biologically unrelated group of parents and their adopted children from different cultures and ethnic backgrounds, early child-parent relationship characteristics played a significant role in shaping children's adjustment in middle childhood" (Juffer et al., 2002, p. Harlow (1958) found that infant monkeys became attached to surrogate mothers when away from their real mothers.Kobak (1999) refers to the Weiss study and states that the availability of an attachment figure in relationships is important to the strength of the bond.Other research boasted results that children of divorce adapt to life's situations and relationships within normal ranges when compared to their peers (Armistead, Forehand, Summers, & Tannenbaum, 1998).In a variety of cultures that have been studied, the majority of children ranging in age from nine months to one year old have exhibited strong attachment behavior towards their primary care giver.This paper discusses the attachment theory that was developed by Harlow, Bowlby and Ainsworth, which states that attachment is a key aspect to determining personality and behavior throughout an individual's lifetime.Hopefully at this point, the child will be secure enough to briefly venture from the mother and begin to develop other interactions and attachments (Bowlby, 1969).Ambivalent infants became adults who had frequent partners, but often to not allow themselves or their partner to establish the close bond that they would like to form.In contrast, children rely mainly on few attachment figures and often lack the coping skills that adults have refined.The same three attachment styles remain true for adjustment and behavior in adult relationships (Hazan, & Shaver, 1987).The three approaches include a psychoanalytic approach, the social learning approach and the ethological theory of attachment (Ainsworth, 1969).The securely attached infants matured into adults that were more likely to experience balanced relationships of a desirable duration. essay on bowlby attachment theory This correlates with Ainsworth's (1967) finding that infants in Uganda use their mothers as a secure base to explore, occasionally leaving her sights, but periodically returning to ensure themselves that she is still there. essay on bowlby attachment theory

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